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Biodiversity and cultural heritage

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3. Biodiversity and cultural heritage

In 2015, Lahti applied the forest management and land use principles approved the previous year. The felling of old spruce trees changes the landscape, but from the diversity and sustainability point of view, the diversification of tree species is wise in the long run. The protected areas are the same as last year. In land-use planning, green corridors were allocated in the master plan, and the Salpausselkä scenic area was entered into the master plan as well. In more detailed planning, attention was paid to ecosystem services and, in particular, ecological treatment of the surface runoff.

ruovikossa

 

 

Areas protected under the Environmental Protection Act (ha)

19821995200120022003200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Lahti12256269353353362365365365380380380380380507513513
Hollola717717730751751751123712841284
Nastola5252626767297297297297

Habitat sites protected under the Environmental Protection Act (ha)

20052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Lahti17,517,522,622,623,523,523,523,523,623,623,6
Hollola14,115,116,516,516,519,219,219,2
Nastola9,19,19,19,19,112,212,212,2

Areas protected under regulations, percentage of the municipal land area (%)

20112012201320142015
Lahti2,612,613,433,473,47
Hollola1,441,442,362,452,45
Nastola0,210,840,850,850,85

In addition to the protected areas, municipalities have allocated so-called LUMO areas, or areas of natural diversity. In Lahti, the number of LUMO areas increased and there are now about 1,100 hectares of these areas. The LUMO diversity areas partially overlap the protected areas. The environmental programme of Lahti specifies a target of 4% for protected areas by 2020. The environmental programme was updated before the municipal merger, and it will affect the future development programme of the new Lahti.

Valuable areas protected by city planning regulations, Lahti (number of lots)

1983200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Lots6092895096196496696798110081011102710231027

Number of protected buildings, Lahti

1979200420052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Buildings3566185899293109281288295302300

 

 The number of protected buildings took a downward turn, for the first time during the follow-up of this indicator. 

Traditional landscapes (ha)

199520052006200720082009201020112012201320142015
Lahti26,626,626,626,626,626,626,626,626,626,626,626,6
Hollola54,954,954,954,954,954,954,954,954,9
Nastola9,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,99,9

Future challenges related to biodiversity and cultural heritage:
• New protection targets (% of area) in the new municipality
• Establishment of new protected areas, such as Kintterö 2017
• Development and improvement of existing protected areas
• Surveying of the LUMO diversity areas in the old Nastola
• Protection of cultural heritage and maintainence of the unique charasteristics of villages

 

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